Keynote Presentation

Information Processing in Cardiovascular Engineering : Advanced Tools to Assess Health and Wellness Conditions
Professor Sergio Cerutti
Department of Bioengineering, Politecnico di Milano
Milano, Italy
Abstract
Biomedical signals carry relevant information about the behavior of the living systems under studying. A proper processing of these signals allows to obtain useful physiological and clinical information. Many advanced algorithms of signal and image processing have been introduced in such an investigating area and therefore important selective information is obtainable even in presence of strong sources of noise or low signal/noise ratio. Second-order or higher-order approaches provide a wide variety of even complex processing tools for information enhancement procedures: several applications are also considered using time-frequency, time-variant and time-scale analysis, as well as non linear dynamics analysis. Further, the integration between signal processing and modeling of the relevant biological systems is capable to directly attribute patho-physiological meaning to the parameters obtained from the processing and viceversa the modelling fitting could certainly be improved by taking into account the results from signal processing procedure. Such an integration process could comprehend parameters and observations detected at different scales, at different organs and with different modalities. Significant advantages are obtainable not only for clinical purposes but also for monitoring vital signs of individuals who are interested in testing wellness parameters like the quality of sleep or the level of stress. This approach could also take advantage from easy-portable or wearable devices where to implement advanced software tools or devices.
Short Bio
Sergio Cerutti is a professor of Biomedical Signal and Data Processing at the Department of Bioengineering, Politecnico di Milano, Italy. In the period 2000-2006 he has been the Chairman of the same Department and currently he is the Chairman of the Programs of Biomedical Engineering. His research interests are mainly in the following topics: biomedical signal processing (ECG, blood pressure and respiration signals, cardiovascular variability signals, EEG and evoked potentials), neurosciences and cardiovascular modelling. In his research activity he has put emphasis on the integration of information at different modalities, at different sources and at different scales in various physiological systems. Since 1983 he has taught a course at a graduate and a doc level on Biomedical Signal Processing and Modelling at Engineering Faculties (Milano and Roma) as well as at Specialisation Schools of Medical Faculties (Milano and Roma). He has been Elected Member of IEEE-EMBS AdCom (Region 8) in the period 1993-1996. He is actually Fellow Member of IEEE and of EAMBES and Associate Editor of IEEE Trans BME. He is a member of the Steering Committee of the IEEE-EMBS Summer School on Biomedical Signal Processing. He has been Visiting Professor at Harvard-MIT Division Health Science and Technology, Boston, USA for an overall period of one year as well as for a period of four months at IST - Department of Physics, Lisbon, Portugal. He is the Author of more than 400 international scientific contributions (more than 230 on indexed scientific journals). In 2009 he received the IEEE-EMBS Academic Career Achievement Award.


Plenary Talks


Global Healthcare Challenges and Opportunities
Professor Metin Akay
Department of Biomedical Engineering
Cullen College of Engineering
University of Houston, USA
Abstract
Recent advances in medical technology have significantly improved the human health in developed countries. However, these advances remain out of touch for much of the world’s population. We still face unprecedented healthcare challenges in the 21st century. The prevalence of major diseases today, from the global AIDS pandemic to antibiotic-resistant tuberculosis, cuts across the healthcare, political, economic, social, and biomedical disciplines: These diseases will continue affecting the world unless major measures are taken to develop comprehensive prevention and treatment programs. Thus, biomedical engineers are expected to play a critical role in developing novel and affordable medical technology and drugs to solve global healthcare problems, especially in the developing countries.The objectives of this talk are to review the healthcare systems, financing, delivery and management in the world, recent advances in information technologies in healthcare and their use in diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases.
Short Bio
Metin Akay is currently the founding chair of the new Biomedical Engineering Department and the John S. Dunn professor of biomedical engineering at the University of Houston. He received his B.S. and M.S. in Electrical Engineering from the Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey in 1981 and 1984, respectively and a Ph.D. degree from Rutgers University in 1990

Dr. Akay has played a key role in promoting biomedical education in the world by writing and editing several books, editing several special issues of prestigious journals, including the Proc of IEEE, and giving more than hundred keynote, plenary and invited talks at international conferences, symposiums and workshops regarding emerging technologies in biomedical engineering.

He is the founding editor-in-chief of the Biomedical Engineering Book Series published by the Wiley and IEEE Press and the Wiley Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering. He is also the editor of the Neural Engineering Handbook published by Wiley/IEEE Press and the first steering committee chair of the IEEE Trans on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. He established the Annual International Summer School on Biocomplexity from Gene to System sponsored by the NSF and the IEEE EMBS and is the founding chair of the IEEE EMBS Special Topic Conference on Neural Engineering. He is also the chair of the IEEE EMBS Neuroengineering Technical Committee. He was the program chair of the International IEEE EMBS 2001 and the co-chair of the Annual International IEEE EMBS 2006 and the program co-chair of the Annual International IEEE EMBS 2011 conference which will be held in Boston . He currently serves on the advisory board of several international journals and on several NIH and NSF review panels.

Dr. Akay is a recipient of the IEEE EMBS Early Career and Service awards as well an IEEE Third Millenium Medal and is a fellow of IEEE, the Institute of Physics (IOP), the American Institute of Medical Biological Engineering( AIMBE) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). His Neural Engineering and Informatics Lab is interested in developing an intelligent wearable system for monitoring motor functions in Post-Stroke Hemiplegic Patients and detecting coronary artery disease. In addition, his lab is currently investigating the effect of nicotine on the dynamics of ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine neural networks as well as the detection of coronary occlusions.


Implantable Microsystems Intended for Onset Epileptic Seizure Detection and Treatment
Professor Mohamad Sawan
Polytechnique Montreal, Canada
Abstract
Currently, emerging Brain-Machine Interfaces for diagnostic and recovery of neural vital functions are promising alternative to allow learning about the cortical organization, studying the neural activity underlying cognitive functions and pathologies, understanding neurons interactions, detecting mind driven decisions, address complex central neural system dysfunctions by both microelectrostimulation and drug delivery Microsystems, etc. This talk covers algorithms, circuits and systems techniques used for the design and integration of biosensing and treatment Microsystems intended for locating onset epileptic seizures. Such devices are interconnected to intracortical neural tissues, and include high-reliability implanted devices and bidirectionally exchange data with an external base station. Global view of the implantable device used to continuously record intracerebral electroencephalographic signals through subdural and depth electrodes will be given, and experimental validation in patients will be reported. The implemented seizure detector, based on a new detection algorithm, altogether with corresponding multidimensional challenges, will be described.
Short Bio
Mohamad Sawan was born in Lebanon, received the Ph.D. degree in 1990 in electrical engineering, from Sherbrooke University, Canada. He joined Polytechnique Montreal in 1991, where he is currently a Professor of Microelectronics and Biomedical Engineering. His scientific interests are the design and test of mixed-signal (analog, digital, RF, MEMS and optic) circuits and Microsystems: design, integration, assembly and validations. These topics are oriented toward the biomedical and telecommunications applications. Dr. Sawan is a holder of a Canada Research Chair in Smart Medical Devices. He is leading the Microsystems Strategic Alliance of Quebec (ReSMiQ) receiving membership support from 11 Universities.

He is founder / co-founder of several International conferences such as NEWCAS, BiOCAS, and ICECS, and he is Editor/ Associate Editor of several International Journals such as the IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems and the Springer Mixed-signal Letters. He is the founder of the Polystim Neurotechnologies Laboratory at Polytechnique Montréal. Dr. Sawan published more than 450 papers in peer reviewed journals and conference proceedings, offered more than 90 invited talks/keynotes, and he was awarded 6 patents pertaining to the field of biomedical sensors and actuators.

Dr. Sawan received several prestigious awards; the most important of them are the Medal of Honor from the President of Lebanon, the Bombardier Award for technology transfer, the Barbara Turnbull Award for medical research in Canada, and the achievement Award from the American University of Science and Technology. Dr. Sawan is Fellow of the IEEE, Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering, Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada, and Officer of the Quebec’s National Order.
 
CIBEC 2010, December 16 -18, 2010